By Ronald J. Deibert, John G. Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Jonathan Zittrain
Many nations all over the world block or filter out net content material, denying entry to information—often approximately politics, but additionally when it comes to sexuality, tradition, or religion—that they deem too delicate for usual voters. entry Denied records and analyzes web filtering practices in over 3 dozen international locations, providing the 1st conscientiously performed examine of this accelerating pattern. web filtering occurs in a minimum of 40 states around the globe together with many nations in Asia and the center East and North Africa. comparable net content material regulate mechanisms also are in position in Canada, the U.S., and a cluster of nations in Europe. Drawing on a just-completed survey of worldwide web filtering undertaken by means of the OpenNet Initiative (a collaboration of the Berkman middle for net and Society at Harvard legislations tuition, the Citizen Lab on the college of Toronto, the Oxford web Institute at Oxford collage, and the college of Cambridge) and counting on paintings via local specialists and an intensive community of researchers, entry Denied examines the political, criminal, social, and cultural contexts of net filtering in those states from various views. Chapters speak about the mechanisms and politics of net filtering, the strengths and obstacles of the know-how that powers it, the relevance of foreign legislation, moral issues for firms that offer states with the instruments for blockading and filtering, and the results of web filtering for activist groups that more and more depend on net applied sciences for speaking their missions. studies on net content material rules in 40 varied nations persist with, with every one kingdom profile outlining the categories of content material blocked through classification and documenting key findings. Contributors : Ross Anderson, Malcolm Birdling, Ronald Deibert, Robert Faris, Vesselina Haralampieva, Steven Murdoch, Helmi Noman, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Mary Rundle, Nart Villeneuve, Stephanie Wang, and Jonathan Zittrain
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Additional info for Access Denied. Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering [censorship]
Much of the legal regulation that empowers state agencies to carry out filtering and surveillance tends to be very broadly and vaguely stated, where it is stated at all. A theme that runs through this book is that Internet regulation takes many forms—not just technical, not just legal—and that regulation takes place not just in developing economies but in some of the world’s most prosperous regimes as well. ’’8 Often, these local legal requirements strike a dissonant chord when set alongside international human rights standards, a topic covered in greater detail, and from two different perspectives, in chapters 5 and 6 of this book.
In other words, no state has been able to consistently block access to a range of sites meeting specified criteria. S. firm, Secure Computing, that also assists schools in keeping children away from such Web sites. China has the most consistent record of responding to the shifting content of the Web, likely reflecting a devotion of the most resources to the filtering enterprise. Our research shows changes among sites blocked over time in some states, such as Iran, Saudi Arabia, and China. As we repeat this global survey in future years, we expect to be able to describe changes over time with greater certainty.
The blocking of this wide array of blogs could be the result of a lack of technical sophistication or a desire to simultaneously silence the entire collection of blogs hosted on the site. The other prominent target of filtering is political parties, followed by NGOs focused on a particular region or country, and Web sites run by individuals. The implications of targeting civic groups and individual blogs are addressed by Deibert and Rohozinski in chapter 6 of this volume. First Steps Toward Understanding Internet Filtering In this chapter, we summarize what we have learned over the past year regarding the incidence of global Internet filtering.
Access Denied. Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering [censorship] by Ronald J. Deibert, John G. Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Jonathan Zittrain