Download e-book for kindle: A Survey of Attitudes and Actions on Dual Use Research in by American Association for the Advancement of Science,

By American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Policy and Global Affairs, Security, and Cooperation Development, Committee on Assessing Fundamental Attitudes of

ISBN-10: 0309125103

ISBN-13: 9780309125109

A similar applied sciences that gasoline medical advances additionally pose power risks--that the data, instruments, and strategies won via valid biotechnology learn might be misused to create organic guns or for bioterrorism. this is known as the twin use quandary of the lifestyles sciences. but even learn with the best power for misuse may well provide major merits. selecting the right way to constrain the risk with no harming crucial medical learn is important for nationwide defense in addition to prosperity and health. This e-book discusses a 2007 survey of yank organization for the development of technological know-how (AAAS) individuals within the lifestyles sciences approximately their wisdom of twin use concerns and attitudes approximately their obligations to assist mitigate the dangers of misuse in their examine. total, the consequences recommend that there is enormous help for methods to oversight that depend upon measures which are constructed and applied by way of the clinical neighborhood itself. The responses additionally recommend that there's a have to make clear the scope of analysis actions of outrage and to supply suggestions approximately what activities scientists can take to lessen the chance that their study should be misused by means of people with malicious reason.

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Additional resources for A Survey of Attitudes and Actions on Dual Use Research in the Life Sciences: A Collaborative Effort of the National Research Council and the American Association for the Advancement of Science

Sample text

Being prosecuted for being an outlaw. . Americans can go to jail for violating the law, but not for violating codes of ethics. We aspire to uphold ethics—we deserve praise (at least some) for behaving ‘ethically’; whereas we deserve none for simply following the law, some of which is in fact made up of ‘legal technicalities’” (Annas 2006). 31 The Memorandum stated that “This does not preclude research into those offensive aspects of bacteriological/biological agents necessary to determine what defensive measures are required” (White House 1969:3).

Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, was the “only person responsible for these attacks” (Johnson et al. 2008). (Ivins had committed suicide in late July [Shane and Lichtblau 2008]). The FBI has released some of the evidence they used to implicate Ivins as the suspect (Willman and Savage 2008). 5 The term “dual use” in this context refers to legitimate research knowledge and materials that could be misused for malicious purposes; it does not refer to activities banned by the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BWC) that can be cloaked by a guise of legitimacy.

This has also served to emphasize the need for a mix of policies to ensure that efforts to reduce the risk of misuse also allow continued scientific progress. A number of international scientific organizations have also become engaged on biosecurity issues. OpenDocument&unid=74C574F0A6E EC10EC12572BC00334CC5. 23 The IAP Biosecurity Working Group has members from the academies of China, Cuba, the Netherlands (chair), Nigeria, the United Kingdom, and the United States. File/Master/5/399/Biosecurity%20St.

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A Survey of Attitudes and Actions on Dual Use Research in the Life Sciences: A Collaborative Effort of the National Research Council and the American Association for the Advancement of Science by American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Policy and Global Affairs, Security, and Cooperation Development, Committee on Assessing Fundamental Attitudes of


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